The European NewLife4Drylands project aims to apply nature-based solutions (NBS) to restore degraded and desertified lands, using remote sensing data and models. From CREAF we contribute with the experience of two research teams: the Protecsòls group, for the restoration of degraded landscapes, and the Grumets group, for environmental remote sensing.
Capturing tiny droplets of water from fog and using them to restore areas affected by extreme drought and desertification is the aim of the European LIFE Nieblas project. The journey begins on the mountain ridges of the Canary Islands, where the trade winds favour the sea of clouds that generates the precious fog and horizontal rainfall characteristic of the Atlantic islands.
Around 30,000 trees and shrubs were planted between 2016 and 2019 in the Mediterranean basin and the Canary Islands, with a survival rate achieved that varied between 20 and 80%, depending on the species involved. The economic analysis shows that the Cocoon system can be up to four times more profitable than the normal reforestation method.