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SEMINARI CREAF: Structure and Function of Wood in mangroves

Gray Mangrove Avicennia
Gray Mangrove Avicennia

Mangroves provide a range of ecosystem services, including coastal protection from waves, wind and weather events. The degree of coastal protection provided by mangroves and their survival partly depends on their wood density and mechanical strength. Wood maintains the structure of the trees by providing resistance to breakage and flexibility when strong winds and other environmental forces act upon trees.

Gray Mangrove Avicennia
Gray Mangrove Avicennia

AUTORS:

PhD candidate, Nadia S. Santini

Supervisor, Prof. Catherine E. Lovelock

Co-Supervisor, Dr. Nele Schmitz

The University of Queensland, Australia

RESUM:

I will present part of my PhD work in mangroves. Mangroves are halophytic, woody plants distributed along the tropical and subtropical tidal margins, between ~25°N to 38°S. They are exposed to winds and tides and to extreme events such as cyclones, hurricanes and tsunamis. Mangroves provide a range of ecosystem services, including coastal protection from waves, wind and weather events. The degree of coastal protection provided by mangroves and their survival partly depends on their wood density and mechanical strength. Wood maintains the structure of the trees by providing resistance to breakage and flexibility when strong winds and other environmental forces act upon trees.

Firstly, I will cover my work on “Dependence of the mangrove Avicennia marina on fresh and saline water sources”, for this study; I aimed to evaluate the extent of freshwater utilization by A. marina using stable oxygen isotopes as tracers for water sources.

My results showed that A. marina uses a mix of rainwater/groundwater and tidal water sources for metabolic processes.

Secondly, I will present my work on “The anatomical basis of the link between wood density and mechanical strength in mangrove branches”. For this study, I investigated how wood mechanical strength and wood density relate to wood anatomy in mangrove branches, by using plant anatomy techniques and an electromechanical strength-testing instrument, this work demonstrated that wood density is a good predictor of mechanical strength and that mangrove species exhibit a range of mechanical strength. The associations between wood strength and anatomical characteristics that I found in mangrove branches may balance mechanical strength and water supply, both of which are linked to tree growth and survival.

QUAN I ON

17 d’octubre a les 15h Sala de Graus II Facultat Biociències UAB

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